PULSES

Ethiopian Green Mung Beans

Domestic Scenario: Mung bean is known locally as “Masho”. It is a recent introduction in the Ethiopian pulse production and grown in few areas of the country. The volume of production is also very small and it is concentrated mainly in North Shewa and South Wollo zones of Amhara region, Gambella region and in some woredas of Beneshalgul Gumuz region.

Product Varieties: Mung beans are small, ovoid (and sometimes cylindrical) in shape with a bright green skin. They have green skin hence they are also called green beans. The Ethiopia Mung bean contract classifies the bean in to two varieties by production area. These are: Green Mung Bean Shoa and Green Mung Bean Asossa type.
 
 Agro-Ecological Conditions: Mung bean is a warm season annual legume which is a drought resistant crop with an optimum temperature range of 27- 30°C for good production. It is very early maturing quick crop, requiring 75–90 days to mature. Best adaptation areas for Mung bean are at 1,000-1,650 meters above sea elevation level; with annual rainfall of 600-750mm, its production in Ethiopia is most suited with clay loam fluvsol, clay eutric fluvisol, and pellic vertisol types of soil. It is usually sown at “Belge” lean season between Februarys to April and “Mehere” between Julys to August when the rain starts to end. Domestic Production: Mung bean productivity in Ethiopia is estimated to be on average from 12 up to 15 Qt. /ha with a volume of production is increasing year to year. Amhara and Beneshangul Gumuz regions are the two potential production areas of green Mung bean.

 Global Scenario: In 2015/2016, Ethiopia exported a total of 30,694 MT of green Mung bean with a value of 35.8 million USD. Compared to export performance of to 2014/2015, the export volume and value grew up by 21% and 23%, respectively. The major export destinations for Ethiopian green Mung bean are: Indonesia, India, Belgium, UAE, and Singapore. Other major global players in Mung bean import comprises: USA, Netherlands, UK, Canada, France, Germany, Norway, Sweden, and Malaysia.

 

SPLIT 98% MIN
BROKEN/ SHRIVELED AND DAMAGE 1.5 %
FOREIGN MATTER 0.5 %
MOISTURE 13% MAX
FREE FROM WEEVIL , INSECTS, INFESTATION
SIZE 2.8-3.0MM

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Ethiopian Red Kidney Beans

Domestic Scenario: Haricot bean is one of the most important grain legumes grown in the low lands of Ethiopia, particularly in the Rift Valley. In these areas, white pea beans are grown for export purposes as well as for domestic consumption. Haricot bean is also a principal food crop particularly in the southern and eastern parts of Ethiopia.


Product Varieties: The varieties of haricot beans in use in the country include white, mixed, red, and other color types. The white haricot bean varieties are: Mexican 142, Awash 1 and Awash Melka. The other types of haricot bean varieties include: Key, Wolayta, Roba 1, Atendaba Brown, Speckled, Ayenew, Gofta, Zebra, Gobe Rash, Beshbesh, Melke, Tabor, Batagonia, Angeber, and TV.


Agro-Ecological Conditions: The altitude suitable for the growth of haricot bean ranges between 600 and 2,200m. The planting period for the haricot bean needs to be properly set such that harvest period falls during the dry season or before the onset of the rainy periods with a suitable rainfall between 450-700mm. The duration from planting to harvesting, for areas with altitude of 1,000-1,700m, is 85-95 days, while for areas with altitudes of 1,500-2,200m the duration becomes 110 days. Concerning the white pea bean, it is sown from the end of June to mid-July, usually not intercropped, and harvested after three months in October.
 
 Global Scenario: White pea bean has become an important export item in the country’s pulse exports. In 2005/06 for instance, Ethiopia exported about 62, 262 tons of haricot beans /mainly white pea beans/ valued at about 22 million USD or about 193.7 million ETB, with a unit value of export of 353 USD/mt. The value of export was destined mainly to various countries such as: Sudan, Yemen, South Africa, UAE, USA, UK, Italy, Germany, Belgium and the Netherlands. The world production of dry beans was 18.3 million tons in 2004. World export of dry beans in 2004 totaled 1.3 billion USD and the volume of export was 3 million. Concerning imports, in 2004, the volume of world import of dry beans was 2.4 million tons, valued at 1.2 billion USD.
 

TOTAL DEFECTIVE 1.47%
SPLIT 0.09%
BROKEN/ SHRIVELED AND DAMAGE 0.26 %
UNDERSIZE 0.96%
FOREIGN MATTER NIL
MOISTURE 11%
FREE FROM WEEVIL , INSECTS, INFESTATION
BEAN COUNT 470-477 BEANS/ 100 GRAM

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