BEANS

Ethiopian Soybeans

Soybean production in Ethiopia has been significantly growing over the last decade. According to CSA’s crop production and livestock utilization date (2009 EC), the total soy beans production for the year 2009 is 812,347 quintals. 
From 2000 to 2009, production volume has increased by an annual average of 37% while productivity (yield per hectare) over the same period increased by 8%. Regionally, Amhara (39%), Benishangul Gumuz (36%) and Oromia (24%) are the largest producers while SNNPR (0.33%) is the only other producing region. Export data from ERCA and National Bank of Ethiopia indicate that 34,264 Metric ton of Soy beans, with value of 15.7 million USD were exported in 2016, The main destinations for the Ethiopian Soy bean export in the past ten years were Australia, Bahrain, Djibouti, India, Indonesia, Italy, Kuwait, Netherlands, Philippines, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, Sudan, USA and Vietnam, with Sudan and Indonesia along importing 42% of soybeans from Ethiopia.
Globally, a total volume of 667.8 million Metric Tons (MT) of soybean was produced in the fiscal year 2016/17. Over the last eight years, average production volume of soybean world-wide reached 557.5 million MT per annum. During this period, the major five producing countries account for 47% of the global soybean output: USA (17%), Brazil (15%), Argentina (9%), China (2%), and India (2%). Statistical data of 2018 production volumes show that USA (34%), Brazil (30%) and Argentina (18%) account for 82% of the overall global production with combined volume of 248 million Metric tons. The overall trend from 2000 to 2009 shows that the volume of soybeans produce in Ethiopia has increased on average of 37% within this time period and the highest volume (812,418 quintals) was registered in 2008 E.C. The average regional distribution of overall soy bean production from 2000 to 2009, Oromia, Benishangul and Amhara are the largest producers, with the three regions making up 99.6% of the overall national production in 2009. The remaining 0.33percent production came from SNNPR.

Growing Conditions 
In general, the cultivation of soybean is successful in climates with hot summers, with temperatures between 20°C to 30°C being optimum. Temperatures below 20°C and over 40°C are found to retard growth significantly. It can grow in a wide range of soils, with optimum growth in moist alluvial soils with a good organic content. Modern soybean varieties generally reach a height of around 1 m (3 ft), and take 80-120 days from sowing to harvesting. 

Contract Classification and Grades 

Class

Origin

Symbol

Grade

Delivery Location 

Soya Bean Shewa

West Shewa, North Shewa and all areas except those listed under Assosa, Bure, Nekemte & Gonder 

SBSH

1,2,3,4,LG

Addis Ababa (AA) 

Soya Bean Assosa

Assoa Pawe, Metekel, Dangur and surrounding

SBAS

1,2,3,4,LG

Assosa (ASS) & Pawe(PA)

Soya Beans Gojjam 

West Gojam, East Gojam, Awi, Jawi and surrounding  areas

SBGJ

1,2,3,4,LG

Bure (BU) 

Soya Beans Wollega

East Wellega, West Wollega, Horroguduru Wellega, Kelem Wellega, Illibabure Zone and surrounding areas

SBWO

1,2,3,4, LG

Nekemte (NE) 

Soya Beans Gonder

North Gonder, South Gonder, West Gonder and surrounding areas 

SBGO

1,2,3,4,LG

Gonder(GO)  

 

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Ethiopian White Pea Beans

Domestic Scenario: Haricot bean is one of the most important grain legumes grown in the low lands of Ethiopia, particularly in the Rift Valley. In these areas, white pea beans are grown for export purposes as well as for domestic consumption. Haricot bean is also a principal food crop particularly in the southern and eastern parts of Ethiopia.

Product Varieties: The varieties of haricot beans in use in the country include white, mixed, red, and other color types. The white haricot bean varieties are: Mexican 142, Awash 1 and Awash Melka. The other types of haricot bean varieties include: Key, Wolayta, Roba 1, Atendaba Brown, Speckled, Ayenew, Gofta, Zebra, Gobe Rash, Beshbesh, Melke, Tabor, Batagonia, Angeber, and TV.
 
Agro-Ecological Conditions: The altitude suitable for the growth of haricot bean ranges between 600 and 2,200m. The planting period for the haricot bean needs to be properly set such that harvest period falls during the dry season or before the onset of the rainy periods with a suitable rainfall between 450-700mm. The duration from planting to harvesting, for areas with altitude of 1,000-1,700m, is 85-95 days, while for areas with altitudes of 1,500-2,200m the duration becomes 110 days. Concerning the white pea bean, it is sown from the end of June to mid-July, usually not intercropped, and harvested after three months in October.
 
Domestic Production:  In year 2005/06, Ethiopia’s volume of main season haricot bean production was .24 million tons, accounting for 1.8% of major crops production. The lion’s share of haricot bean production in the country (during the period 2004-06) originated mainly from three regions: Oromia (65%), SNNPR (22%) and Amhara (11%). The main season yield of Haricot Bean, for the period 1998/99-2005/06, ranged from a low of 0.62 tons per hectare to a high of 0.94 tons per hectare. During this period, Haricot Bean yield levels averaged 0.82 tons per hectare
 
Commercialization: Throughout different regions, namely SNNPR, Eastern Hararghe and Western Ethiopia, white pea bean is consumed usually mixed with other cereals. In eastern and western Ethiopia, it is widely intercropped with maize and sorghum to supplement farmers with additional income. They are also consumed boiled, fried, milled, or grounded in the form of soups. Crop utilization survey data for haricot bean indicated that of the total national production of haricot bean, 69.87% was utilized for household consumption, 18.75% for sale; while the balance was used for seed; wage in kind, animal feed and other uses.
 
 In general, earlier research estimates that, excluding the volume of grain set aside for consumption, seed and feed, 28 percent of total grain production (including oilseeds and pulses) is marketed, of which 29.8 percent is accounted by pulse crops in general. In general, the commercial grain supplies mainly come from the production of small farmers, private commercial farmers, state farmers, imports and food aid. The market participants in Haricot bean trade include producers (small holders and commercial farms), wholesalers, retailers, part-time farmer- traders, brokers, agents, assemblers, processors, cooperatives, EGTE, and consumers.
 
 Global Scenario: White pea bean has become an important export item in the country’s pulse exports. In 2005/06 for instance, Ethiopia exported about 62, 262 tons of haricot beans /mainly white pea beans/ valued at about 22 million USD or about 193.7 million ETB, with a unit value of export of 353 USD/mt. The value of export was destined mainly to various countries such as: Sudan, Yemen, South Africa, UAE, USA, UK, Italy, Germany, Belgium and the Netherlands. The world production of dry beans was 18.3 million tons in 2004. World export of dry beans in 2004 totaled 1.3 billion USD and the volume of export was 3 million. Concerning imports, in 2004, the volume of world import of dry beans was 2.4 million tons, valued at 1.2 billion USD.

TOTAL DEFECTIVE 3.5%/4.0%
BROKEN/ SHRIVELED AND DAMAGE 0.8%/1.0%
FOREIGN MATTER 0.8%/1.0%
MOISTURE 13.0%/13.0%
BEAN COUNT 660-700 count/100gram
OUT OF THIS STONE 0.2%/0.4%
Contrasting Classes 0.5%/1.0%

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Ethiopian Red Kidney Beans

Domestic Scenario: Haricot bean is one of the most important grain legumes grown in the low lands of Ethiopia, particularly in the Rift Valley. In these areas, white pea beans are grown for export purposes as well as for domestic consumption. Haricot bean is also a principal food crop particularly in the southern and eastern parts of Ethiopia.


Product Varieties: The varieties of haricot beans in use in the country include white, mixed, red, and other color types. The white haricot bean varieties are: Mexican 142, Awash 1 and Awash Melka. The other types of haricot bean varieties include: Key, Wolayta, Roba 1, Atendaba Brown, Speckled, Ayenew, Gofta, Zebra, Gobe Rash, Beshbesh, Melke, Tabor, Batagonia, Angeber, and TV.


Agro-Ecological Conditions: The altitude suitable for the growth of haricot bean ranges between 600 and 2,200m. The planting period for the haricot bean needs to be properly set such that harvest period falls during the dry season or before the onset of the rainy periods with a suitable rainfall between 450-700mm. The duration from planting to harvesting, for areas with altitude of 1,000-1,700m, is 85-95 days, while for areas with altitudes of 1,500-2,200m the duration becomes 110 days. Concerning the white pea bean, it is sown from the end of June to mid-July, usually not intercropped, and harvested after three months in October.
 
 Global Scenario: White pea bean has become an important export item in the country’s pulse exports. In 2005/06 for instance, Ethiopia exported about 62, 262 tons of haricot beans /mainly white pea beans/ valued at about 22 million USD or about 193.7 million ETB, with a unit value of export of 353 USD/mt. The value of export was destined mainly to various countries such as: Sudan, Yemen, South Africa, UAE, USA, UK, Italy, Germany, Belgium and the Netherlands. The world production of dry beans was 18.3 million tons in 2004. World export of dry beans in 2004 totaled 1.3 billion USD and the volume of export was 3 million. Concerning imports, in 2004, the volume of world import of dry beans was 2.4 million tons, valued at 1.2 billion USD.
 

TOTAL DEFECTIVE 1.47%
SPLIT 0.09%
BROKEN/ SHRIVELED AND DAMAGE 0.26 %
UNDERSIZE 0.96%
FOREIGN MATTER NIL
MOISTURE 11%
FREE FROM WEEVIL , INSECTS, INFESTATION
BEAN COUNT 470-477 BEANS/ 100 GRAM

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